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Roncesvalles
Roncesvalles
 

16TH-18TH CENTURIES

THE BIG REFORM


Martín de Azpilcueta.


The Prior Francisco de Navarra, a university intellectual who arrived to Orreaga- Roncesvalles from exile, began a period of stability in the economic management that lasted three centuries. He was advised by Martín de Azpilicueta, a canon from Roncesvalles and, above all, a renowned international jurist. In 1531, he inaugurated a new way of management and sharing out of the numerous incomes that reached the Collegiate. This reform consisted of fair division of the incomes in three parts: one for the prior, another for the chapter and the third for assistance needs, construction, and building reforms.

This new economic policy, in addition to the fall in the number of pilgrims, allowed the third part of the income to be allocated almost in its entirely to reform the architectural heritage of the Collegiate. So, when in 1600, the weight of the snow ruined the roof of the gothic cloister, they did not have any problem in putting up a new one.

Also, the continuous wars between Spain and France forced them to liquidate their French interests and changed them for others in Navarra. The fall in the number of pilgrims, was due to (besides the different wars with France) the schism of Christianity in western Europe.

Even though the number of pilgrims was at minimum, the good economic situation allowed the Collegiate to build some more, such as the building for the Beneficiaries (priests who belonged to a lower ladder in the ecclesiastic hierarchy than the canons).

 

During the 17th century, the hostelry was also built and at the end of it the old mill. In this context, it is no wonder that they also decided to build a new hospital at the end of the 18th century

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